Heart Disease Treatment Options
Heart disease includes plaque-blocked arteries, congenital conditions, arrhythmia,
and diseases of the actual heart muscle. Whether heart disease is detected early
or not revealed until after heart failure, doctors have many kinds of remedies and
treatments to reduce the risks of further heart disease. Broadly defined, there
are three categories of heart disease treatment.
Take Two and Call Me in the Morning
If your heart is beating too quickly, or if the arteries around it contract tightly,
the heart will be overtaxed, like revving an engine thatís in park. Doctors prescribe
three classes of pills called nitrates, beta blockers, and calcium channel blockers to
let the heart run efficiently. Each of these types of heart disease treatments help
the heart to beat regularly and slowly, or expand the arteries in the area of the heart
so that blood flow is more regular.
Everyone has seen TV ads promoting Aspirin to thin the blood and reduce the risk of
blood clots causing blocked arteries. While Aspirin does diminish the bloodís ability
to form clots, other drugs fight cholesterol, which can form plaque in the arteries and
lead to heart failure. These drugs are usually simply called cholesterol reducing drugs
or are part of a subcategory called statins.
As always, if your doctor prescribes medicine, remember to ask plenty of questions
about what the drug is and what it does.
When clogged cardiac arteries are life threatening, heart disease treatment can mean
going into surgery. Some surgeries will clear the plaque in the arteries by cleaning
or grinding it away or inflating a balloon in the arteries to break up the plaque.
Bypass surgeries take a large blood vessel from elsewhere in the body and graft it
to the blocked artery so blood can pass to the heart.
Surgeries for other conditions include implanting a pacemaker into the heart to treat
arrhythmia, and doctors can transplant aortic valves into a patient whose valve has
stopped functioning properly. In case no heart disease treatment is possible, such
as in infants born with heart defects, artificial hearts do exist, though they are
only a temporary solution until a heart transplant can be performed.
Treat The Whole System
Of course, before your heart gets desperate enough to need drugs or surgery, look to
the risk factors you can control. Donít smoke; control your cholesterol so that plaque
never gets a chance to clog your arteries; and exercise regularly, most days in a week,
to keep your heart muscles healthy. Then maybe you might never need to know about
heart disease treatment.
When following these treatments to control and manage Heart Disease,
be sure to adhere strictly to the guidelines prescribed by your
doctor for each one.